In 1533, Christianity began to be transmitted to Vietnam by Western missionaries. For hundreds of years, evangelization faces many difficulties due to differences in language and culture, especially because the courts of Trinh, Nguyen, and Tay Son did not accept a new religion. It was not until 1884, when the Hue court accepted French protection, that Christianity had favorable conditions for development. Many grand Catholic churches with European architectural styles sprouted up in Vietnam. In Saigon-Gia Dinh land (now Ho Chi Minh City) during this time, many churches were also built. Among them, 10 churches are said to be large and have beautiful architectural style, attracting a large number of domestic and foreign tourists.
1.Duc Ba Cathedral
Duc Ba Cathedral (Official name: Notre-Dame Cathedral Basilica of Saigon) is located at 01 Cong Xa Paris, Ben Nghe Ward, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City. Currently, the Cathedral belongs to Ho Chi Minh City Archdiocese. It was started building in 1887 and completed in 1880. Its architecture is a combination of soft Roman architecture and strong Gothic architecture. Duc Ba Cathedral has contributed greatly to making Saigon become “Pearl of the Far East”.
2.Saint Joseph Seminary of Saigon
Saint Joseph Seminary of Saigon is located at 6 Ton Duc Thang Street, Ben Nghe Ward, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City. The Seminary was built by priest Wibaux and the Paris Foreign Missions Society since 1863 and was last restored in 1960. The Seminary has a large campus, in which there 2 main works: The Place for Priests studying and chapel. There is also a gallery of relics of the Seminary. The chapel is 30 meters long, 10 meters wide, 10 meters high, featuring a typical Gothic architecture style. In the present, the foreign Catholics staying in Ho Chi Minh City usually come here to pray.
3.Huyen Sy Church
Huyen Sy Church (Vietnamese: Nhà thờ Huyện Sỹ, official name: The apostle church of St. Philippe) is a Catholic built-in 1902, located at 1, Ton That Tung Street, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. This is the Church of Dui Market Parish and of Ho Chi Minh City Archdiocese. The church is well known because it has the largest campus in Ho Chi Minh City and has a special architectural style, including the grave and statue of Mr. Huyen Sy, one of the rich great landlords in South Vietnam in the late 19th century.
4.Tan Dinh Church
Tan Dinh church (Vietnamese: Nhà thờ Tân Định, official name: Church of the Sacred Heart of Jesus) is situated at 289 Hai Ba Trung street, Ward 8, District 3, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. The church was started building during the French colonial period in 1870 and completed in 1876 when Vietnam was part of French Indochina. The church was built according to Roman architectural style. It is the second large church in Ho Chi Minh City, after the Saigon Notre-Dame Basilica, and it is the only church in Ho Chi Minh City whose outside is painted pink.
5.Ky Dong Church
Ky Dong Church (Official Name: Temple of Our Lady of Perpetual Help or Church of Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer) is located at 38 Ky Dong, Ward 9, District 3, Ho Chi Minh City. The church was built in 1949 and completed in 1952. The work impresses with the triangle blocks and semicircular door arches, especially the statue of Our Lady of Perpetual Help – the patron saint of the church. Inside the church is simple but still exudes solemnity. In the church’s campus, there is the rock cave of Eve Maria and the mini scene of Saint Alphonso, who founded Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer. The church is said is a peaceful and sacred place.
6.Nga Sau Church
Nga Sau Church (Official name: The Church of St. Jeanne d’Arc) is a Catholic church in District 5, Ho Chi Minh City. This church was built by Priest John Baptist Huynh Tinh Huong in 1922 and completed in May 1928, named Saint Jeanne d’Arc, also the patron saint of the church. The church is built according to Roma architecture style combing with Gothic architecture style. It is one of the ancient and large churches in Ho Chi Minh City.
7.Cha Tam Church
Cha Tam Church (Official name: the Church of St. Francisco Javier) is located on 25 Hoc Lac, Ward 14, District 5, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnamese. The church was start building 1900 and completed in 1902. It is well known because it has the combination of Gothic architectural style and Eastern Asia architectural style, an architectural style has never had anywhere. In addition, this place has the tomb of Priest Pierre d ‘Assou, who led building the church and the first vicar of the St. Francisco Javier Parish.
8.Cho Quan Church
Cho Quan Church (Vietnamese: Nhà thờ Chợ Quán, Official name: Church of the Sacred Heart of Jesus) is located at 120 Tran Binh Trong Street, Ward 2, District 5, Ho Chi Minh City. The church belongs to Cho Quan Parish. The church’s architecture is a combination of Gothic architecture and Roman architecture. It was established in 1723, being the oldest church in Ho Chi Minh City. It was rebuilt many times, the present church was inaugurated in 1896.
9.Chi Hoa Church
Chi Hoa Church (Official name: Our Lady of the Rosary Church) is located at 149 Banh Van Tran Street, Ward 7, Tan Binh District. The church was built in 1890, inaugurated on October 7, 1890, and has a Roman architectural style. In the campus, there is the La Vang Mother Square. The church has a Divine Mercy Mass, heard that everyone who comes to pray is accepted by Jesus Christ.
10.Hanh Thong Tay Church
Hanh Thong Tay Church or Saint Joseph Church is located at 53/7 Quang Trung Street, Ward 11, Go Vap District, Ho Chi Minh City. The church was built from 1921 to 1924 under the sponsorship of the son of one of 4 the most famous great landlords in South Vietnam at that time. The Church is built according to Byzantine architecture style and imitated Basilica of St. Vitale in Ravenna, Italy. This is the unique architectural style in Saigon, as well as in Vietnam. Hanh Thong Tay church has contributed to creating Saigon “Pearl of the Far East”.