Viet Nam Quoc Tu in Ho Chi Minh City

Viet Nam Quoc Tu is located at 244 Hai Ba Trung Street, District 10, Ho Chi Minh City. The pagoda was started building in 1964. The campus of the pagoda now has an area of 7,200 m2. In the present, It is the headquarters of the Executive Board of the Ho Chi Minh City Buddhist Association. The pagoda is famous because it is associated with national history and has a beautiful landscape and a unique Architecture.

 

The majestic three-entrance gate

1. History

1963-1975

Originally, after the 1963 coup in South Vietnam, the Unified Buddhist Sangha of Vietnam (UBCV)  was established and was then given a 4 ha land by the interim government of the Republic of Vietnam. The government of General Nguyen Khanh also offered VND 10 million to build a pagoda.

The first stone putting celebration happened at 8 am on April 26, 1964, under the witness of the Most Venerable Monks of the Unified Buddhist Sangha of Vietnam along with the witness of the Fuhrer, also the Prime Minister of the Republic of Vietnam, General Nguyen Khanh.

Architect Ngo Viet Thu was the one who drew the construction plan, expected the pagoda having a 7-floor curved roof tower, carved cleverly in spacious natural space on a land of 40 thousand square meters, with the unique and harmonious landscapes with bold Vietnamese architectural style.

The workers built the 7-floor tower and a row house for monks but not yet completed. The pagoda was also the headquarters of the UBCV until 1975 with the first abbot, Thich Thien Hoa. This was a pagoda belonging to the Northern tradition, gathering mainly Buddhist monks from the North.

In 1965, the Most Venerable Monk Thich Tu Nhon was elected to take over abbot position until his death (2013). In 1967, Venerable Thich Tam Chau established Phuong Nam University Institute in the pagoda campus. Quach Thi Trang orphanage managed by the temple was located behind the pagoda.

1975 until now

After the end of the Vietnam War in 1975, the entire the Viet Nam Quoc Tu Pagoda of the UBCV was seized by the new government of South Vietnam: 40,000 m2 of original land were reduced to the only 3,000m2, where the tower was located. The temple was entrusted to the Most Venerable Thich Tu Nhon.

In 1988, the Most Venerable Monk Thich Tu Nhon, in the name of the old abbot, sent the application to ask for the land of the Viet Nam Quoc Tu Pagoda. After 5 years, until February 28, 1993, the state granted the monk Thich Tu Nhon according to the application but the temple’s land was narrowed to 3,712 m2.

In 1993, the pagoda was renovated with many more items. After more than 10 years of receiving the pagoda, it completed the 7-floor tower and the Buddha’s scenes for Buddhist monks, nuns and visitors to the pagoda to pray. However, the pagoda yard was often occupied as a place to sell divination books.

In 1914, Ho Chi Minh City authorities recovered and handed more land to the temple. At this time, the pagoda’s campus has a total area of 7,200 m2. The pagoda was started to builD newly on October 12, 2014. On November 7, 2017, the project of the Viet Nam Quoc Tu was officially inaugurated. The total investment cost for the project was VND 250 billion.

Southern University Institute

This university was formed in 1967, in the context of Southern Buddhism divided into 2 groups: the Viet Nam Quoc Tu group and the An Quang Group.

Southern University Institute has 3 faculties:

– Department of Economics – Commerce.

– Department of Foreign Languages.

– Department of literature

The first director was Professor Le Kim Ngan. In the 1970s, the Southern University Institute had 750 students enrolling.

2. Architecture

The overall architecture of Viet Nam Quoc Tu Pagoda on the 7,200 m2 campus consists of the three-entrance gate, the main building, the 13-floor precious tower, Phuong Nam University Institute, Quach Thi Trang Orphanage.

Viet Nam Quoc Tu is a large religious architectural work, which is invested in construction carefully. The large and small architectural items are built sophisticatedly, showing the style of ancient Vietnamese pagoda architecture.

The 13-floor tower is on the right and in front of the main building. The tower is 63 m2 high and has a curved roof with red yin and yang tiles. Thirteen tower floors symbolize 13 organizations, associations and sects participating in the Buddhist non-violent struggle for religious peace and equality in the South in 1963. In the tower has a big bell weighing 3 ton, 2.9 m high.

The thirteen-floor tower roaring up forward to the blue sky

The thirteen-floor tower roaring up forward to the blue sky

The bonsai in front of the main building

The bonsai in front of the main building

The main building is designed according to the architecture of the ancient pagodas in the North. The roofs are covered with red-brown tiles; The corners of the roofs are bent and are carved dragon head shape very delicately; the walls are painted gentle yellow.
The main building has 5 floors: basement with 850 m2 used for parking lot, the first floor with 730 m2 for meeting hall, the second with 885 m2 for the rule of Buddhism office, the third floor with 550 m2 for 15 monk rooms, the fourth floor for the main hall with 2,427 m2 and ancestor hall with 1,087 m2. In the main hall, there is a bronze Buddha statue, weighing 35 tons, 7.5m high made by artisans in Y Yen, Nam Dinh; next to the two walls on the sides, there are 18 big Arhat statues. In general, worshiping way in the main hall is very simple the same as the pagoda of Hinayana Buddhism.

The stairs to the main hall

The stairs to the main hall

Great Shakyamuni Buddha statue made of bronze

Great Shakyamuni Buddha statue made of bronze in the main hall

18 Arhat statues with different poses

18 Arhat statues with different poses in the main hall

The big drum in the main hall

The big drum in the main hall

The big bell in the main hall

The big bell in the main hall

The Dharmapala statue in front of the main hall

The Dharmapala statue in front of the main hall

The pagoda visiting tourists

The pagoda visiting tourists

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